Resilience in Dementia Caregivers from Argentina and Mexico: Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Resilience Scale for Adults

Resilience in Dementia Caregivers from Argentina and Mexico: Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Resilience Scale for Adults

Paul B. Perrin1, Shaina Gulin1, Hinemoa Elder2, Silvina Victoria Peralta3, Miriam E. Stolfi3, Eliana Morelli3, Leticia Aracely Peña Obeso4 & Diego Rivera5

ABSTRACT

This study examined the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Resil- ience Scale for Adults (RSA) translated into Spanish in dementia caregivers from Argentina (n = 110) and Mexico (n = 20), as well as the basic structure of resilience in this population. Participants completed a survey with a psychologist including measures of resilience, optimism, and sense of coherence. A confirmatory factor analysis suggested that the factor structure in the original RSA validation study did not fit the current data well. An exploratory factor analysis helped eliminate poorly loading items and suggested that four of the original resilience subscales (social support, personal competence, family coherence, and social competence) transferred well to dementia caregivers in Latin America, although the original factor of personal structure did not. In the original validation study, personal com- petence was the first and largest factor, whereas in the current sample, social sup- port was. The Spanish RSA showed high αs at the subscale and total score levels, as well as good convergent validity. This study contributes a validated measure of resilience to be used in dementia caregivers in Latin America and has implications for understanding the basic structure of resilience in this population.

1 Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA 2 Indigenous Research, Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi, Auckland, New Zealand
3 Instituto San Lucas, Santa Fe, Argentina
4 CETYS University, Mexicali, Mexico
5 BioCruces Health Research Institute, Cruces University Hospital Barakaldo, Bizkaia, Spain

Corresponding author:
Diego Rivera, Ph.D.
BioCruces Health Research Institute, Cruces University Hospital Barakaldo, Bizkaia, Spain
Email: diegoriveraps@gmail.com

Keywords

caregiving; resilience; Latin America.

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